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Vitamin K Deficiency Symptoms

Vitamin K is an essential nutrient for healthy bones and normal blood clotting functions. It is for these reasons that a deficiency in the daily intake of Vitamin K will result in bone related problems like osteopenia and osteoporosis, the major cause of bone fractures. Other symptoms which are related to blood problems, such as excessive bleeding, haemorrhaging and blood clotting can also result from a lack of Vitamin K.

The following are possible signs of a deficiency of Vitamin K:

  1. Heavy menstrual bleeding; and excessive gum bleeding and nose bleeds. If you find blood in your urine or stools, this could possibly be a symptom of vitamin K deficiency, as these are signs of bleeding within the digestive tract.
  2. Bruising easily is also a possible symptom. Those people who suffer from celiac disease are aware that bruising could be as a result of the disease itself, if the easy bruising stops once they are put on to a gluten free diet, so that Vitamin K may be once again absorbed by the body.
  3. A deficiency of this vitamin can lead to haemorrhaging and dangerous blood clots, as it leads to the reduction in the prothrobin levels of blood, which results in blood clots.
  4. Vitamin K deficiency symptoms may also be shown as the incidence of anaemia.
  5. Deposits of calcium in soft tissue are another deficiency symptom. This result of this is in a hardening of the arterial walls and the possibility of deposited of calcium settling in the heart valves.
  6. Biliary disease, Crohn’s Disease and cystic fibrosis can also be signs of a lack in vitamin K, so levels of this vitamin should be checked.
  7. New born babies with a deficiency may result in internal bleeding of the brain. If the unborn baby is deficient, the child could be born with an underdeveloped nose or chin; and ears. Fingers which are not fully formed are another symptom of vitamin K deficiency in the foetus. It is a much needed essential vitamin in the development of the foetus. If a mother is seen to be lacking in Vitamin K, she will be given supplements prior to the birth.
  8. Haemorrhaging of new born babies is another deficiency symptom which can lead to brain damage. In some countries, children are given an injection of vitamin K at birth, to alleviate this potential risk.
  9. Reduced bone density and increased fractures are further Vit K deficiency symptoms.


The average diet is not usually lacking in vitamin K. To prevent vitamin K deficiency symptoms, eat a diet rich in Brassica-cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and kale. Grapes, kiwifruit and avocado are also high in vitamin K, as is spinach and chard. 

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